# Top-rated ScreenCasts

Text Section | Link to original post | Rating (out of 100) | Number of votes | Copy of rated post |
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01.6 Summary | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
The objectives for Chapter 1 were: 1. Explain the definitions and relations between temperature, molecular kinetic energy, To these, we could add expressing and explaining the first and second laws. Make a quick list of these expressions and explanations in your own words, including cartoons or illustrations as you see fit, starting with the first and second laws. |

10.08 - Concepts for Generalized Phase Equilibria | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
When expressing the derivative of the total Gibbs energy by chain rule, there is one particular partial derivative that relates to each component in the mixture: the "chemical potential." By adapting the derivation from Chapter 9 of the equilibrium constraint for pure fluids, we can show that the equilibrium constraint for mixtures is that the chemical potential of each component in each phase must be equal. That is fine mathematically but it is not very intuitive. By translating the chemical potential into a rigorous definition of fugacity of a component in a mixture, we recognize that an equivalent equilibrium constraint is that the fugacity of each component in each phase must be equal. (8min, Live, uakron.edu) This offers the intuitive perspective of, say, molecules from the liquid escaping to the vapor and molecules from the vapor escaping to the liquid; when the "escaping tendencies" are equal, the phases experience no net change and we call that equilibrium. |

04.09 Turbine calculations | Click here. | 100 | 2 |
Entropy Balances: Solving for Turbine Efficiency Sample Calculation. (uakron.edu, 10min) Steam turbines are very common in power generation cycles. Knowing how to compute the actual work, reversible work, and compare them is an elementary part of any engineering thermodynamics course. Comprehension Questions: 1. An adiabatic turbine is supplied with steam at 2.0 MPa and 600°C and it exhausts at 98% quality and 24°C. (a) Compute the work output per kg of steam.(b) Compute the efficiency of the turbine. 2. A Rankine cycle operates on steam exiting the boiler at 7 MPa and 550°C and expanding to 60°C and 98% quality. Compute the efficiency of the turbine. |

14.10 Solid-liquid Equilibria | Click here. | 100 | 2 |
Solid-liquid Equilibria using Excel (7:38min, msu) The strategy for solving SLE is discussed and an example generating a couple points from Figure 14.12 of the text are performed. Most of the concepts are not unique to UNIFAC or Excel. This screeencast shows how to use the solver tool to find solubility at at given temperature. |

10.08 - Concepts for Generalized Phase Equilibria | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
Concepts for General Phase Equilibria (12:33) (msu.edu) The calculus used in Chapter 6 needs to be generalized to add composition dependence. Also, we introduce partial molar properties and composition derivatives that are not partial molar properties. We introduce chemical potential These concepts are used to show that the chemical potentials and component fugacities are used as criteria for phase equilibria. |

05.4 - Refrigeration | Click here. | 100 | 2 |
Refrigeration Cycle Introduction (LearnChemE.com, 3min) explains each step in an ordinary vapor compression (OVC) refrigeration cycle and the energy balance for the step. You might also enjoy the more classical introduction (USAF, 11min) representing your tax dollars at work. The musical introduction is quite impressive and several common misconceptions are addressed near the end of the video. |

17.07 - Temperature Dependence of Ka | Click here. | 100 | 2 |
Example 17.4 and 17.5 solved using Kcalc.xlsx (6:01) (msu.edu) The full form of the temperature dependence of Ka is implemented in Kcalc.xlsx and Kcalc.m. This screecast covers the use of Kcalc.xlsx for Example 17.4 and Example 17.5 of the textbook. Comprehension Questions: 1. CO and H2 are fed in a H. _{R}º2. CO and H2 are fed in a 1:1 ratio to a reactor at 500K and 20 bars with a catalyst that favors only CH3OH as its product. Calculate ΔG and Δ_{R}ºH._{R}º3. CO and H2 are fed in a 1:1 ratio to a reactor at 600K and 20 bars with a catalyst that favors only CH3OH as its product. Calculate ΔG and Δ_{R}ºH._{R}º4. CO and H2 are fed in a 1:1 ratio to a reactor at 500K and 20 bars with a catalyst that favors only CH3OH as its product. Calculate ΔG and Δ_{T}ºH. Check your answer for Δ_{T}ºGusing the value given for _{T}º Kin Example 17.1._{a }5. CO and H2 are fed in a 1:1 ratio to a reactor at 600K and 10 bars with a catalyst that favors only CH3OH as its product. Calculate K, Δ_{a}G and Δ_{T}ºH. _{T}º6. CH3OH is fed to a reactor at 200 ºC and 1 bar with a catalyst that produces CO and H2. Calculate K, Δ_{a}G and Δ_{T}ºH for this reaction and compare to the literature values given in Example 17.6 of Section 17.10._{T}º7. CH3OH is fed to a reactor at 300 ºC and 1 bar with a catalyst that produces CO and H2. Calculate K for this reaction and compare to the value given in Example 17.6 of Section 17.10. Give two reasons why the two estimates are not identical._{a} |

05.2 - The Rankine cycle | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
Rankine Cycle Introduction (LearnChemE.com, 4min) The Carnot cycle becomes impractical for common large scale application, primarily because H2O is the most convenient working fluid for such a process. When working with H2O, an isentropic turbine could easily take you from a superheated region to a low quality steam condition, essentially forming large rain drops. To understand how this might be undesirable, imagine yourself riding through a heavy rain storm at 60 mph with your head outside the window. Now imagine doing it 24/7/365 for 10 years; that's how long a high-precision, maximally efficient turbine should operate to recover its price of investment. Next you might ask why not use a different working fluid that does not condense, like air or CO2. The main problem is that the heat transfer coefficients of gases like these are about 40 times smaller that those for boiling and condensing H2O. That means that the heat exchangers would need to be roughly 40 times larger. As it is now, the cooling tower of a nuclear power plant is the main thing that you see on the horizon when approaching from far away. If that heat exchanger was 40 times larger... that would be large. And then we would need a similar one for the nuclear core. Power cycles based on heating gases do exist, but they are for relatively small power generators. |

17.07 - Temperature Dependence of Ka | Click here. | 100 | 2 |
You can customize Kcalc.xlsx (uakron.edu, 17min) to facilitate whatever calculations you may need to perform. This presentation shows how to implement VLOOKUP to automatically load the relevant Hf, Gf, and Cp values. It also shows how to automatically use the Cp/R value when a,b,c,d values for Cp are not available. Finally, it shows how a fairly general table of inlet flows, temperatures, and pressures can be used to set up the equilibrium conversion calculation. The initial set up is demonstrated for the dimethyl ether process, then revised to initiate solution of Example 17.9 for ammonia synthesis. Comprehension Questions: 1. The video shows how the shortcut Van't Hof equation can be written as lnKa=A+B/T. What are the values of A and B for the dimethyl ether process when a reference temperature of 633K is used? |

01.5 Real Fluids and Tabulated Properties | Click here. | 100 | 2 |
Double interpolation (uakron, 8min) is exactly what it sounds like: to find a steam property when neither the pressure nor temperature are among the tabulated values, you need to interpolate twice. We interpolate first on pressure, then on temperature. It is a bit tedious, but straightforward. Comprehension Questions: |