# Top-rated ScreenCasts

Text Section | Link to original post | Rating (out of 100) | Number of votes | Copy of rated post |
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04.02 The Microscopic View of Entropy | Click here. | 65 | 4 |
Principles of Probability II, Counting Events, Permutations and Combinations. This part discusses the binomial and multinomial coefficients for putting particles in boxes. The binomial and multinomial coefficient are used in section 4.2 to quantify configurational entropy. (msu.edu, 16min) (Flash) You might like to check out the sample calculations below before attempting the comprehension questions. |

11.02 - Calculations with Activity Coefficients | Click here. | 64.2105 | 19 |
Dew Pressure (7:41) (msu.edu) The culmination of the activity coefficient method is application of the fitted activity coefficients to extrapolate from limited experiments in a Stage III calculation. The recommended order of study is 1) Bubble Pressure; 2) Bubble Temperature; 3) Dew Pressure; 4) Dew Temperature. Note that an entire Pxy diagram can be generated with bubble pressure calculations; no dew calculations are required. However, many applications require dew calculations, so they cannot be avoided. The dew calculations are more complicated than bubble calculations, because the liquid activity coefficients are not known until the unknown liquid mole fractions are found. This screencast describes the procedure and how to implement the method in Matlab or Excel. |

11.06 - Redlich-Kister and the Two-parameter Margules Models | Click here. | 62.8571 | 7 |
Two-parameter Margules Equation (5:05) (msu.edu) An overview of the two parameter Margules equation and how it is fitted to a single experiment. |

01.4 Basic Concepts | Click here. | 62 | 20 |
Molecular Nature of U and PV=RT (msu.edu) (5:04) Internal energy is the sum of molecular kinetic energy and intermolcular potential energy, which leads to the relation between internal energy and temperature for an ideal gas. Also, the ideal gas law can be derived by incoporating the relation between kinetic energy and temperature with the force due to the molecules bouncing off the walls. Comprehension question: |

09.10 - Saturation Conditions from an Equation of State | Click here. | 60 | 1 |
We can combine the definition of fugacity in terms of the Gibbs Energy Departure Function with the procedure of visualizing an equation of state to visualize the fugacity as characterized by the PR EOS. (21min, uakron.edu) This amounts to plotting Z vs. density, similar to visualizing the vdW EOS. Then we simply type in the departure function formula. Since the PR EOS describes both vapors and liquids, we can calculate fugacity for both gases and liquids. Taking the reciprocal of the dimensionless density (
Concept Questions:
1. What equation can we use to estimate the fugacity of a compressed liquid relative to its saturation value? |

03.1 - Heat Engines and Heat Pumps: The Carnot Cycle | Click here. | 60 | 2 |
Heat Engine Introduction (LearnChemE.com, 6min) introduction to Carnot heat engine and Rankine cycle. The Carnot cycle is an idealized conceptual process in the sense that it provides the maximum possible fractional conversion of heat into work (aka. thermal efficiency, Comprehension Questions: |

14.04 LLE Using Activities | Click here. | 60 | 2 |
Txy Phase Diagram Showing LLE and VLE Simultaneously (9min,uakron.edu) The binary Txy phase diagram of methanol+benzene is visualized with k) increases, the LLE boundary crashes into the VLE. It is so exciting that it makes a thermo nerd wax poetic about the "valley of Gibbs."_{ij}Comprehension Questions: 1. The LLE phase boundary moves up as the nonideality increases. Which way does the VLE contribution move? Explain how this relates to the molecules' escaping tendencies. 4. What value of kis required to make the LLE binodal barely touch the VLE at 10 bars?_{ij } |

08.07 - Implementation of Departure Functions | Click here. | 60 | 2 |
Helmholtz Departure - PR EOS (uakron.edu, 11min) This lesson focuses first and foremost on deriving the Helmholtz departure function. It illustrates the application of integral tables from Apx. B and the importance of applying the limits of integration. It is the essential starting point for deriving properties involving entropy (S,A,G) of the PREOS, and it is a convenient starting point for deriving energetic properties (U,H). |

01.6 Summary | Click here. | 60 | 4 |
Keys to the Kingdom of Chemical Engineering (uakron.edu, 11min) Sometimes it helps to reduce a subject to its simplest key elements in order to "see the forest instead of the trees." In this presentation, the entire subject of Chemical Engineering is reduced to three key elements: sizing a reactor (Uakron.edu, 7min), sizing a distillation column (uakron.edu, 9min), and sizing a heat exchanger (uakron.edu, 9min). In principle, these elements involve the independent subjects of kinetics, thermodynamics, and transport phenomena. In reality, each element involves thermodynamics to some extent. Distillation involves thermodynamics in the most obvious way because relative volatility and activity coefficients are rarely discussed in a kinetics or transport course. In kinetics, however, the rate of reaction depends on the partial pressures of the reactants and their nearness to the equilibrium concentrations, which are thermodynamical quantities. In heat exchangers, the heat transfer coefficient is important, but we also need to know the temperatures for the source and sink of the heat transfer; these temperatures are often dictated by thermodynamical constraints like the boiling temperature or boiler temperature required to run a Rankine cycle (cf. Chapter 5). In case you are wondering about the subject of " If you would like a little more practice with reactor mass balances and partial pressure, more screencasts are available from LearnChemE.com, MichiganTech, and popular chemistry websites. |

01.5 Real Fluids and Tabulated Properties | Click here. | 60 | 2 |
Steam Tables (LearnChemE.com) (5:59) calculate enthalpy of steam by interpolation |