# Top-rated ScreenCasts

Text Section | Link to original post | Rating (out of 100) | Number of votes | Copy of rated post |
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07.02 Corresponding States | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
Principles of Corresponding States (10:02) (msu.edu) Comprehension Questions: 1. What is the value of the reduced vapor pressure for Krypton at a reduced temperature of 0.7? How does this help us to characterize the vapor pressure curve? 2. Sketch the graph of vapor pressure vs. temperature as presented in this screencast for the compounds: Krypton and Ethanol. Be sure to label your axes completely and accurately. Draw a vertical line to indicate the condition that defines the acentric factor. |

13.04 - UNIQUAC | Click here. | 100 | 2 |
Volumes and Areas from Group Contributions (3:04) Group contributions are used widely in property prediction. The volumes and surface areas have been determined by x-ray data and high-temperature collision data. The UNIQUAC and UNIFAC activity coefficient methods use these quantities to calculation volume fractions and surface area fractions. The assignment of functional groups for a molecule must be done carefully to assure agreement with the groups used by the model developers. Comprehension Questions: 1. Estimate R and Q for 1,4 dihydroxy benzene. 2. Estimate R and Q for n-propyl alcohol and compare them to the values for IPA. 3. Estimate R and Q for methyl-npropyl ketone. |

17.05 - Effect of Pressure, Inerts, Feed Ratios | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
How to push, pull, persuade a reaction (3:32) (msu.edu) Pressure can be used to influence conversion for reactions where gas phase species are present. Feed ratios, inerts, or simultaneous reactions can also be used. Comprehension Questions: 1. The principle by which a change in temperature, pressure, or concentration leads to a counteracting change in equilibrium is known as:_____. |

08.02 - The Internal Energy Departure Function | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
Departure Function Derivation Principles (8:03) (msu.edu) |

17.05 - Effect of Pressure, Inerts, Feed Ratios | Click here. | 100 | 1 |
Partial pressures and reactor sizing are among the keys to chemical engineering calculations (uakron.edu, 7 min, review from Section 1.6). Partial pressures (uakron.edu, 7 min) also play an essential role in reaction equilibrium calculations. Partial pressure calculations basically involve straightforward mass balances, but specific vocabulary and a need for systematic precision can cause difficulty. The calculations involve six elements that must be carefully computed:
(1) Stoichiometry - the reaction equation must be stoichiometrically balanced such that the number of atoms of each element are the same on both sides of the equation. This balance is achieved by adjusting the stoichiometric coefficients. The change in the number of moles of each component must be in correct stoichiometric proportions relative to the "key component." Inert compounds (see below) are NOT included in the stoichiometric equation. For the example in this presentation, the objective of the reactor is to oxidize carbon monoxide (CO) in a catalytic converter by reacting it with oxygen (O2). So, CO + 0.5 O2 = CO2.
Comprehension Questions:
1. What is the value of the total pressure (bar) applied in the presentation of this example? |

11.02 - Calculations with Activity Coefficients | Click here. | 96 | 5 |
Dew Temperature (7:57) (msu.edu) The culmination of the activity coefficient method is application of the fitted activity coefficients to extrapolate from limited experiments in a Stage III calculation. The recommended order of study is 1) Bubble Pressure; 2) Bubble Temperature; 3) Dew Pressure; 4) Dew Temperature. Note that an entire Txy diagram can be generated with bubble temperature calculations; no dew calculations are required. However, many applications require dew calculations, so they cannot be avoided. The dew calculations are more complicated than bubble calculations, because the liquid activity coefficients are not known until the unknown liquid mole fractions are found. This screencast describes the procedure and how to implement the method in Matlab or Excel. |

10.01 - Introduction to Phase Diagrams | Click here. | 96 | 5 |
Introduction to Phase Behavior (9:37) (msu.edu) Comprehension Questions: 1. Referring to the Txy diagram on slide 3, estimate T, nature (ie. L,V, V+L, L+L), composition(s), and amount of the phase(s) for points: a, b. d, g. |

14.10 Solid-liquid Equilibria | Click here. | 93.3333 | 3 |
SLE using Excel with the M1 model (7min, uakron.edu)
Similar to LLE in Excel, the iteration feature can be used to quickly solve for SLE at multiple temperatures.
Comprehension Questions: |

07.06 Solving The Cubic EOS for Z | Click here. | 93.3333 | 3 |
1. Peng-Robinson PVT Properties - Excel (3:30) (msu.edu) Introduction to PVT calculations using the Peng-Robinson workbook Preos.xlsx. Includes hints on changing the fluid and determining stable roots. Comprehension Questions: 1. At 180K, what value of pressure gives you the minimum value for Z of methane? Hint: don't call solver. 2. At 30 bar, what value of pressure gives Z=0.95 for methane? 3. Compute the molar volume(s) (cm |

07.09 -The Molecular Basis of Equations of State: Concepts and Notation | Click here. | 93.3333 | 3 |
Nature of Molecular Interactions - Macro To Nano(8min). (uakron.edu) Instead of matching the critical point, we can use experimental data for density vs. temperature from NIST as a means of characterizing the attractive energy and repulsive volume. A plot of compressibility factor vs. reciprocal temperature exhibits fairly linear behavior in the liquid region. Matching the slope and intercept of this line characterizes two parameters. This characterization may be even more useful than using the critical point if you are more interested in liquid densities than the critical point. In a similar manner, you could derive an EOS based on square-well (SW) simulations and use the SW EOS to match the NIST data(11min), as shown in this |