Toprated ScreenCasts
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01.6 Summary  Click here.  100  1 
Keys to the Kingdom of Chemical Engineering (uakron.edu, 11min) Sometimes it helps to reduce a subject to its simplest key elements in order to "see the forest instead of the trees." In this presentation, the entire subject of Chemical Engineering is reduced to three key elements: sizing a reactor (Uakron.edu, 7min), sizing a distillation column (uakron.edu, 9min), and sizing a heat exchanger (uakron.edu, 9min). In principle, these elements involve the independent subjects of kinetics, thermodynamics, and transport phenomena. In reality, each element involves thermodynamics to some extent. Distillation involves thermodynamics in the most obvious way because relative volatility and activity coefficients are rarely discussed in a kinetics or transport course. In kinetics, however, the rate of reaction depends on the partial pressures of the reactants and their nearness to the equilibrium concentrations, which are thermodynamical quantities. In heat exchangers, the heat transfer coefficient is important, but we also need to know the temperatures for the source and sink of the heat transfer; these temperatures are often dictated by thermodynamical constraints like the boiling temperature or boiler temperature required to run a Rankine cycle (cf. Chapter 5). In case you are wondering about the subject of "mass and energy balances," the conservation of mass is much like the conservation of energy; therefore, we subsume this subject under the general umbrella of thermodynamics. Understanding the distinctions between thermodynamics and other subjects should help you to frame a place for this knowledge in your mind. Understanding the interconnection of thermodynamics with subjects to be covered later should help you to appreciate the necessity of filing this knowledge away for the long term, such that it can be retrieved at any time in the future. If you would like a little more practice with reactor mass balances and partial pressure, more screencasts are available from LearnChemE.com, MichiganTech, and popular chemistry websites. 
10.06  Relating VLE to Distillation  Click here.  100  2 
Distillation is the primary choice for separations in the petrochemical industry. Because the majority of chemical processing involves separations/purifications, that makes distillation the biggest economic driver in all of chemical production. Therefore, it is very important for chemical engineers to understand how distillation works (21min, uakron.edu) and how VLE plays the major role. This video is a bit long, but it puts into context how phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties relate to very important practical applications. You may find it helpful to reinforce the conceptual video with some sample calculations.(12min) At the end of the video, you should be able to answer the following: Consider the acetone+ethanol system. Use SCVP (Eqn 2.47) to answer the following.

13.04  UNIQUAC  Click here.  100  3 
Volumes and Areas from Group Contributions (3:04) Group contributions are used widely in property prediction. The volumes and surface areas have been determined by xray data and hightemperature collision data. The UNIQUAC and UNIFAC activity coefficient methods use these quantities to calculation volume fractions and surface area fractions. The assignment of functional groups for a molecule must be done carefully to assure agreement with the groups used by the model developers. Comprehension Questions: 1. Estimate R and Q for 1,4 dihydroxy benzene. 2. Estimate R and Q for npropyl alcohol and compare them to the values for IPA. 3. Estimate R and Q for methylnpropyl ketone. 
10.08  Concepts for Generalized Phase Equilibria  Click here.  100  1 
When expressing the derivative of the total Gibbs energy by chain rule, there is one particular partial derivative that relates to each component in the mixture: the "chemical potential." By adapting the derivation from Chapter 9 of the equilibrium constraint for pure fluids, we can show that the equilibrium constraint for mixtures is that the chemical potential of each component in each phase must be equal. That is fine mathematically but it is not very intuitive. By translating the chemical potential into a rigorous definition of fugacity of a component in a mixture, we recognize that an equivalent equilibrium constraint is that the fugacity of each component in each phase must be equal. (8min, Live, uakron.edu) This offers the intuitive perspective of, say, molecules from the liquid escaping to the vapor and molecules from the vapor escaping to the liquid; when the "escaping tendencies" are equal, the phases experience no net change and we call that equilibrium. 
11.02  Calculations with Activity Coefficients  Click here.  96  5 
Dew Temperature (7:57) (msu.edu) The culmination of the activity coefficient method is application of the fitted activity coefficients to extrapolate from limited experiments in a Stage III calculation. The recommended order of study is 1) Bubble Pressure; 2) Bubble Temperature; 3) Dew Pressure; 4) Dew Temperature. Note that an entire Txy diagram can be generated with bubble temperature calculations; no dew calculations are required. However, many applications require dew calculations, so they cannot be avoided. The dew calculations are more complicated than bubble calculations, because the liquid activity coefficients are not known until the unknown liquid mole fractions are found. This screencast describes the procedure and how to implement the method in Matlab or Excel. 
10.01  Introduction to Phase Diagrams  Click here.  96  5 
Introduction to Phase Behavior (9:37) (msu.edu) Comprehension Questions: 1. Referring to the Txy diagram on slide 3, estimate T, nature (ie. L,V, V+L, L+L), composition(s), and amount of the phase(s) for points: a, b. d, g. 
07.06 Solving The Cubic EOS for Z  Click here.  95  4 
1. PengRobinson PVT Properties  Excel (3:30) (msu.edu) Introduction to PVT calculations using the PengRobinson workbook Preos.xlsx. Includes hints on changing the fluid and determining stable roots. Comprehension Questions: 1. At 180K, what value of pressure gives you the minimum value for Z of methane? Hint: don't call solver. 2. At 30 bar, what value of pressure gives Z=0.95 for methane? 3. Compute the molar volume(s) (cm^{3}/mol) for argon at 100K for each of the following? 
14.10 Solidliquid Equilibria  Click here.  95  4 
SLE using Excel with the M1 model (7min, uakron.edu)
Similar to LLE in Excel, the iteration feature can be used to quickly solve for SLE at multiple temperatures.
Comprehension Questions: 
04.09 Turbine calculations  Click here.  93.3333  3 
General procedure to solve for steam turbine efficiency. (LearnChemE.com, 5min) This video outlines the procedure without actually solving any specific problem. It shows how inefficiency affects the TS diagram and how to compute the actual temperature at the turbine outlet. 
07.09 The Molecular Basis of Equations of State: Concepts and Notation  Click here.  93.3333  3 
Nature of Molecular Interactions  Macro To Nano(8min). (uakron.edu) Instead of matching the critical point, we can use experimental data for density vs. temperature from NIST as a means of characterizing the attractive energy and repulsive volume. A plot of compressibility factor vs. reciprocal temperature exhibits fairly linear behavior in the liquid region. Matching the slope and intercept of this line characterizes two parameters. This characterization may be even more useful than using the critical point if you are more interested in liquid densities than the critical point. In a similar manner, you could derive an EOS based on squarewell (SW) simulations and use the SW EOS to match the NIST data(11min), as shown in this sample calculation of the ε and σ values for the SW potential. In this lesson, we learn how to characterize the forces between individual atoms, which may seem quite unreal or impractical when you first encounter it. On the other hand, "nanotechnology" is a scientific discipline that explores how the manipulation of nanostructure is now quite real with very significant practical implications. "The world's smallest movie" shows dancing molecules, (IBM, 2min) demonstrating the reality of molecular manipulation, and the accompanying text explains some of the practical implications. Along similar lines, researchers at LLNL and CalTech have developed 3D printers that can display "voxels" (the 3D analog of pixels) of ~1nm3. That's around 10100 atoms per voxel. Since 201314, chemical/materials engineers have been building nanostructures (TEDX, 13min) in the same way that civil engineers build infrastructure.
