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Chapter 1 - Basic concepts

 

01.2 Molecular Nature of Temperature, Pressure, and Energy

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01.3 Molecular Nature of Entropy

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01.4 Basic Concepts

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01.5 Real Fluids and Tabulated Properties

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01.6 Summary

Chapter 2 - The energy balance

02.01 Expansion/Contraction Work

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02.03 Work Associated with Flow

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02.04 Lost Work Versus Reversibility

02.06 Path Properties and State Properties

02.07 The Closed-System Energy Balance

02.08 The Open-System, Steady-State Energy Balance

02.09 The Complete Energy Balance

02.10 Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Heat Capacities

02.11 Reference States

02.12 Kinetic and Potential Energy

02.13 Energy Balances for Process Equipment

02.14 Strategies for Solving Energy Balance Problems

02.15 Closed and Steady-State Open Systems

02.16 Unsteady State Open Systems

02.17 Details of Terms in the Energy Balance

02.18 Chapter 2 Summary

Chapter 3 - Energy balances for composite systems.

03.1 - Heat Engines and Heat Pumps: The Carnot Cycle

03.3 - Introduction to Mixture Properties

03.5 Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions

03.6 - Energy Balance for Reacting Systems

03.9 Practice Problems

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Chapter 4 - Entropy

04.02 The Microscopic View of Entropy

04.03 The Macroscopic View of Entropy

04.04 The Entropy Balance

04.09 Turbine calculations

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04.10 Pumps and Compressors

Chapter 5 - Thermodynamics of Processes

05.2 - The Rankine cycle

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05.3 - Rankine modifications

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05.4 - Refrigeration

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05.5 Liquefaction

05.6 Engines

Chapter 6 - Classical Thermodynamics - Generalization to any Fluid

06.1 The Fundamental Property Relation

06.2 Derivative Relations

Chapter 7 - Engineering Equations of State for PVT Properties

07.01 Experimental Measurements

07.02 Corresponding States

07.05 Cubic Equations of State

07.06 Solving The Cubic EOS for Z

07.07 Implications of Real Fluid Behavior

07.08 Matching The Critical Point

07.09 -The Molecular Basis of Equations of State: Concepts and Notation

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07.10 Molecular Basis of Equations of State: Molecular Simulation

07.11 - The molecular basis of equations of state: analytical theories

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Chapter 8 - Departure functions

08.01 - The Departure Function Pathway

08.02 - The Internal Energy Departure Function

08.03 - The Entropy Departure Function

08.04 - Other Departure Functions

08.05 - Summary of Density Dependent Formulas

08.06 - Pressure Dependent Formulas

08.07 - Implementation of Departure Functions

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08.08 - Reference States

Chapter 9 - Phase Equlibrium in a Pure Fluid

09.01 - Criteria for Phase Equilibrium

09.02 - The Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

09.03 - Shortcut Estimation of Saturation Properties

09.04 - Changes in Gibbs Energy with Pressure

09.05 - Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficient

09.06 - Fugacity Criteria for Phase Equilibria

09.07 - Calculation of Fugacity (Gases)

09.08 - Calculation of Fugacity (Liquids)

09.09 - Calculation of Fugacity (Solids)

09.10 - Saturation Conditions from an Equation of State

09.11 - Stable Roots and Saturation Conditions

Chapter 10 - Introduction to Multicomponent Systems

10.01 - Introduction to Phase Diagrams

10.02 - Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) Calculations

10.03 - Binary VLE using Raoult's Law

10.04 - Multicomponent VLE & Raoult's Law Calculations

10.06 - Relating VLE to Distillation

10.07 - Nonideal Systems

10.08 - Concepts for Generalized Phase Equilibria

10.09 Mixture Properties for Ideal Gases

10.10 - Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions

10.11 The Ideal Solution Approximation and Raoult's Law

10.12 Activity Coefficient and Fugacity Coefficient Approaches

Chapter 11 - An Introduction to Activity Models

11.01 Modified Raoult's Law and Excess Gibbs Energy

11.02 - Calculations with Activity Coefficients

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11.05 - Modified Raoult's Law and Excess Gibbs Energy

11.06 - Redlich-Kister and the Two-parameter Margules Models

11.07 - Activity Models at Special Compositions

11.08 - Preliminary Indications of VLLE

11.09 - Fitting Activity Coefficients to Multiple Data

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11.12 - Lewis-Randall Rule and Henry's Law

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11.13 - Osmotic Pressure

Chapter 12 - Van der Waals Activity Models

12.01 - The van der Waals Perspective for Mixtures

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12.02 - The van Laar Model

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12.03 - Scatchard-Hildebrand Theory

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12.04 - The Flory-Huggins Model

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12.05 - MOSCED and SSCED Theory

12.07 Multicomponent Extensions of van Der Waals' Models

Chapter 13 - Local Composition Activity Models

13.01 - Local Composition Theory

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13.02 - Wilson's Equation

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13.03 - NTRL

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13.04 - UNIQUAC

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13.05 - UNIFAC

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Chapter 14 - Liquid-liquid and solid-liquid equilibria

14.04 LLE Using Activities

14.07 Plotting Ternary LLE Data

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14.09 - Numerical procedures for binary, ternary LLE

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14.10 Solid-liquid Equilibria

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Chapter 16 - Advanced Phase Diagrams

16.03 - Residue Curves

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Chapter 15 - Phase Equilibria in Mixtures by an Equation of State

15.04 - VLE calculations by an equation of state

Chapter 17 - Reaction Equilibria

17.04 The Standard State Gibbs Energy of Reaction

17.05 - Effect of Pressure, Inerts, Feed Ratios

17.06 Determining the Spontaneity of Reactions

17.07 - Temperature Dependence of Ka

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17.10 - Solving Equilibria for Multiple Reactions

17.12 Energy Balances for Reactions

Power Plant Tour

Virtual Tour of the MSU Power Plant

Michigan State University has a cogeneration plant that generates electrical power and steam for the university.

aerial view of power plant

Aerial View of the T.B. Simon Power Plant.

MSU runs five boilers and six turbines. The overall process schematic shows the flow schemes but it is difficult to see a much stream detail on the overall schematic. The legend is reproduced here:

  • thick red lines --850-870 psig steam.
  • thin red lines -- 185 psig where labeled, 90psig (unlabeled), 15 psig(labeled) steam lines.
  • solid green lines -- make-up water lines.
  • dashed green lines -- condensate lines.
  • Dashed blue lines -- boiler feedwater at 350F, 1600 psig.
  • dash-dot blue lines -- desuperheater water.

The image is linked to a pdf that can be zoomed. Click to load the pdf file.

Overall Powerplant

The overview of the MSU power plant will be loaded here - coming soon. In the meantime, visit the old power plant tour.

Chapter 18 - Electrolyte Solutions

18.09 - Sillen Diagram Solution Method